春季皮肤过敏怎么办?这些你要注意
来源:    发布时间: 2018-07-11 22:16   78 次浏览   大小:  16px  14px  12px
关于皮肤过敏,过敏的原因会有很多种,必须要对症下药才能事半功倍。春季是各种过敏高发的季节,我们该如何应对春季皮肤过敏的现象呢?春季是什么原因会容易引起皮肤过敏?

As for skin allergy, there are ma
关于皮肤过敏,过敏的原因会有很多种,必须要对症下药才能事半功倍。春季是各种过敏高发的季节,我们该如何应对春季皮肤过敏的现象呢?春季是什么原因会容易引起皮肤过敏?
As for skin allergy, there are many reasons for allergy. It is necessary to prescribe the right medicine and get twice the result with half the effort. Spring is the season of all kinds of allergies. How should we deal with the phenomenon of skin allergy in spring? What causes spring is likely to cause skin allergies?
青年 女 化妆 指甲油 脸部_18098413_xxl
Young woman's face _18098413_xxl with Nail Polish
一、引起皮肤过敏的原因有哪些?
1. What are the causes of skin allergies?
1、花粉:在花粉传播的季节,微小的花粉颗粒在传播过程中会散布在空气中,并随着空气的流动而四处飞扬,而其中的一部分会被人吸入同时被皮肤吸收。
1, pollen: in the season of pollen transmission, small pollen grains are spread in the air during the transmission process and fly around with the flow of air, and some of them will be absorbed by the skin and absorbed by the skin.
2、灰尘:灰尘过敏是一种生活在灰尘中的微生物的过敏反应,是最常见的过敏。灰尘过敏包括棉纤、皮毛以及各种纤维,动物皮毛等等。
2, dust: allergy to dust is a kind of allergic reaction that lives in the dust. It is the most common allergy. Dust allergies include cotton fibers, fur and all kinds of fibers, animal fur and so on.
3、化妆品:最典型的化妆品过敏是香精过敏,而收敛水等含有酒精成分的化妆品也会对肌肤产生一定的刺激。其它如生化防腐剂、果酸等等都会对不同的肌肤造成不同的刺激。
3, cosmetics: the most typical cosmetic allergy is allergy to essence, and the cosmetics containing alcohol can also stimulate skin. Others, such as biochemical preservatives, fruit acids, and so on, can cause different irritation to different skin.
4、食物:常见的是海鲜、芒果、果仁类食物会引起过敏。
4, food: seafood, mango and nuts food are often caused by allergies.
5、药物:青霉素、磺胺类药物等,都可能引发皮肤过敏。
5, drugs: penicillin, sulfonamides, etc., may cause skin allergies.
6、年龄:也许年龄的增长是肌肤敏感的一个重要原因。有些人前些年的肌肤并不敏感,而这几年却变得敏感了。这是因为年轻健康的肌肤表面有一层弱酸性的皮脂膜,保持水分,以保护肌肤不受到外界侵害,但是随着年龄的增长,这层皮脂膜却不如以前的健康,以至于一些敏感物质容易入侵皮肤。
6, age: perhaps the growth of age is an important reason for skin sensitivity. Some people are not sensitive to skin for the past few years, but in recent years they have become sensitive.  This is because the skin of young and healthy skin has a layer of weak acid sebum membrane, maintain moisture to protect the skin from the outside world, but as the age increases, this layer of sebum membrane is not as healthy as before, so that some sensitive substances easily invade the skin.
7、宠物:敏感性肌肤很容易因家养宠物的皮毛等而产生过敏现象。这种因宠物而过敏的原因主要是由于猫狗等身上的油脂腺所分泌出的蛋白质,当宠物们舔毛的时候,这些蛋白质就沾到了皮毛上,而后散落到空气中,又附着在人的皮肤上所引起。
7. Pets: sensitive skin is susceptible to allergies due to the skin and fur of domestic pets. The reason for the allergy is mainly due to the protein secreted by the fat glands on the cat and dog's body. When the pets lick their hair, the proteins are covered in the fur and then spread into the air and are attached to the human skin.
8、季节变换:由于种种环境因素,空气中散布的细菌孢子和花粉等致敏物质便会大量释放出几乎遍布人体所有组织的化合物——组织胺,引起皮肤过敏。
8, seasonal change: due to various environmental factors, the sensitizing substances, such as bacterial spores and pollen scattered in the air, will release a large amount of compounds, histamine, which are almost all of the tissues of the human body, causing skin allergies.
9、温度变化:温度忽冷忽热,使敏感人群面部发红、发烫。
9, temperature changes: the temperature is hot and cold, which makes sensitive people red and hot.
10、紫外线照射导致面部皮肤过敏。
10, ultraviolet radiation causes facial skin allergy.
二、如何应对过敏现象?
Two. How to respond to allergies?
1、要尽量避免接触过敏源
1. Try to avoid exposure to allergies
防止皮肤过敏的最好办法就是减少接触,外出时尽量做好防护。易过敏的人应少晒太阳,少到公园等花粉、柳絮较多的地方去。曾经有过日光性皮炎、季节性皮炎的病症的人,要注意尽量避免阳光直射,不要使用碱性的化妆品和香皂。
The best way to prevent skin allergies is to reduce contact and to protect as much as possible when going out. People with allergy should be less exposed to the sun and less likely to have more pollen and catkins such as parks. People who have symptoms of solar dermatitis and seasonal dermatitis should be careful to avoid direct sunlight and do not use alkaline cosmetics or soap.
2、管住自己的手不要随意乱抓
2. Keep your hands free from clutching at random
不能搔抓,忌用热水及肥皂洗擦,如实在奇痒难忍时,可用冷毛巾适当冷敷一下。避免粗糙衣领或羊毛化纤织品的摩擦,防止滥用刺激性强的外用药,禁食辛辣刺激性食物。
Do not scratch, avoid washing with hot water and soap. If it is really hard to itch, use cold towels for proper cold compress. Avoid rubbing of coarse collar or woollen chemical fiber fabrics, prevent abuse of strong stimulant external medicines, and avoid spicy spicy foods.
3、避免使用化妆品
3. Avoid the use of cosmetics
应停用所有的化妆品,让皮肤有缓冲的时间,如果平时就使用低敏性护肤品便可继续使用;如果是初次或偶尔发生敏感现象,而平日又不使用低敏感性保养品,那麽就要选择具有消炎镇静作用的皮肤专用保养品。
All cosmetics should be discontinued, and the skin has a buffer time. If you use low sensitive skin care products at ordinary times, you can continue to use it. If it is the first or occasional sensitive phenomenon and no low sensitivity maintenance, then we should choose a special skin care product with antiphlogistic and sedative effect.
4、皮肤的清洁
4. Cleanliness of the skin
敏感性干燥肌肤有时会出现严重敏感,这时连水和泡沫都不能接触,所以需用擦拭来代替清洗。对于很在意脸上污垢能否清洗干净的人,准备一瓶擦拭用的化妆水是很重要的。此类型肌肤因不能用力搓揉,使用化妆水量相对要多些。
Sensitive dry skin can sometimes be seriously sensitive. Even water and foam can not be touched, so cleaning is needed instead of cleaning. For people who are very concerned about whether the dirt on their faces can be cleaned, it is important to prepare a bottle of lotion for wiping. Because this type of skin can not be rubbed vigorously, the amount of make-up water is relatively more.
5、补水保湿很重要
5. It is important to moisturize water
过敏时肌肤特别脆弱,当皮肤缺乏水分时,特别容易出现干燥、脱皮甚至皮肤过敏的现象,为了防止过敏发生,一定要加强保湿工作。针对性地做好平时皮肤护理工作,如皮肤经常发红有灼热感,要用毛巾冷敷,再用温和润肤霜均匀涂抹,皮肤易脱皮者,可适当按摩,配合毛巾热敷,再涂抹较滋润的护肤。
When the skin is allergic, the skin is especially fragile. When the skin is lack of water, it is especially easy to appear dry, desiccation and even skin allergy. In order to prevent the occurrence of allergy, it is necessary to strengthen the moisturizing work. To do a good job of normal skin care, such as skin redness and burning sensation, cold compress with towels, use of mild moisturizing cream evenly, skin easily peeling, suitable massage, hot compress with towel, and then smear more moisturizing skin care.
6、谨慎使用清洁类面膜
6. Use the clean mask carefully


谨慎使用清洁类面膜,可以啫喱状的保湿面膜代替。果酸的美白面膜会加速死皮剥落,让偏薄的肌肤更脆弱,不建议在皮肤过敏时使用。
Use clean facial mask carefully, and can be replaced with a moisturizing mask. The whitening mask of fruit acid will accelerate the exfoliation of the dead skin and make the thin skin more fragile. It is not recommended to use in skin allergy.
7、增加维生素的摄入
7, increase the intake of vitamins
皮肤过敏的患者要多吃富含维生素的水果和蔬菜,禁吃油腻、刺激、辛辣的食物。维生素B群是皮肤健康及血液循环正常所需之物,并能帮助细胞再生。海带是修护组织所必需的矿物质。维生素F可促使皮肤有光泽,维生素E可以缓解皮肤搔痒及干燥,维生素A乳剂可以使皮肤光滑,预防皮肤干燥,维生素D可帮助组织修复。
Patients with skin allergy should eat more fruits and vegetables rich in vitamins, and avoid eating oily, spicy, spicy foods. Vitamin B group is necessary for healthy skin and blood circulation, and can help cells to regenerate. Kelp is a necessary mineral for a repair organization. Vitamin F can cause skin luster, vitamin E can relieve itching and dry skin, vitamin A emulsion can make the skin smooth, prevent skin dry, vitamin D can help tissue repair.